Child injuries and violence
Every day more than 2000 children die from an injury which could have been prevented. This joint WHO/UNICEF report is a plea to keep kids safe by promoting evidence-based injury prevention interventions and sustained investment by all sectors. The report presents the current knowledge about the five most important causes of unintentional injury – road traffic injuries, drowning, burns, falls and poisoning – and makes seven recommendations for action.
Road traffic injuries
Over 3 400 people die on the world’s roads every day and tens of millions of people are injured or disabled every year. Children, pedestrians, cyclists and older people are among the most vulnerable of road users. WHO works with partners – governmental and nongovernmental – around the world to raise the profile of the preventability of road traffic injuries and promote good practice related to addressing key behaviour risk factors – speed, drink-driving, the use of motorcycle helmets, seat-belts and child restraints.
Drug use and road safety
Drug use and road safety: a policy brief provides up-to-date information on drug use and road safety to support informed decisions on road safety and drug policies in WHO Member States. Drawing on the growing knowledge in this area over recent decades, the document describes the impact of drug use on road safety and suggests what can be done to reduce drug-related crashes, injuries and deaths on the roads. While reasonable progress is being made on drug-driving research, legislation and enforcement, the document identifies priorities and options for further action, including determining the prevalence of drivers’ drug use and drug-impaired driving as well as the number of drug-impaired road traffic injuries and deaths, developing and establishing thresholds for drug-driving laws and regulations, and integrating drug-driving policies with drug policy frameworks oriented to public health.
Essential trauma care project
WHO guidance documents such as Prehospital trauma care systems, Guidelines for essential trauma care, and Guidelines for trauma quality improvement programmes set reasonable, affordable and sustainable standards for the care of injured persons worldwide. They define a set of trauma care services considered essential to prevent death and disability in injured patients and that could be provided to almost all injured persons in any given setting. Furthermore, they define the resources necessary to apply these The basic principles and methods proposed in the guidance documents have been implemented in several countries, including Ghana, India, Mexico and Viet Nam. These efforts have provided valuable lessons that are relevant for future actions to promote the recommendations contained in the guidance documents.